1920-1939 Works By Pablo Picasso

1920-1939 Works By Pablo Picasso

This period is best classified by one of Picasso’s most recognizable works, “Guernica,” which interprets the German bombing of Guernica. The frantic quality captures the inhumanity of war. Picasso uses symbolism and shares that it is up to the viewers to interpret it for themselves.

About the Artist

Pablo Picasso was born on October 25, 1881, in Málaga, Spain. The son of an academic painter, José Ruiz Blanco, he began to draw at an early age. In 1895, the Picasso family moved to Barcelona. It was there that Pablo studied at La Lonja, the local academy of fine arts. His association with the patrons of the café Els Quatre Gats in the late 1890s was crucial to his early artistic development in that the café was a nexus of social life among artists, authors, musicians, and the like, as well as the site of several music performances and tertulias (‘literary gatherings’).

In 1900, Pablo Picasso’s first exhibition took place in Barcelona, and in the fall of the same year he visited Paris for the first time. It was in Paris where he observed the paintings of Edouard Manet, Gustave Courbet, and Henri Toulouse-Lautrec. He settled there in April 1904, and soon his circle of friends included the poet Guillaume Apollinaire, writer Max Jacob, Gertrude and Leo Stein, and art dealers Ambroise Vollard and Berthe Weill.

Picasso’s visual style and choice of subject matter developed dramatically over a short period of time. The time between 1901 and 1904 has come be known as his ‘Blue Period,’ 1905 his ‘Rose Period,’ from 1908 to 1911 his Analytic Cubist phase, and from 1912 forward his Synthetic Cubist phase. The Blue Period is named for Picasso’s color palette at the time, and is distinguished by its subject matter: vagrants, outcasts, prostitutes, and otherwise marginalized people. The Rose Period marked a brightening of Picasso’s palette: pinks, beiges, roses, and light blues. His choice of subject matter followed suit: clowns, harlequins, and saltimbanques (‘circus people’).

Picasso’s name is synonymous with the development of Cubism, which is the permutation of several artistic trends and of the styles of certain artists. Through Gertrude and Leo Stein, Picasso knew Henri Matisse, who had stirred audiences in 1905 with paintings displaying harsh, dissonant colors. Critics chided Matisse’s paintings, while Picasso admired them. He also admired the so-called ‘primitive’ works of Henri Rousseau. While in Paris, Picasso frequented the Musée d’Ethnographie du Trocadéro, where he saw works of indigenous African art, and in Spain discovered ancient Iberian sculpture. Through a collaboration with the artist Georges Braque, Picasso gradually combined his influences into a wholly original style, which fragmented three-dimensional forms into abstract geometric shapes that intertwined and overlapped each other. His first major Cubist work was the renowned Les Demoiselles d’Avignon, which he completed in 1907 but didn’t not show to anyone until 1916.

By 1936, the Spanish Civil War affected Pablo Picasso immensely, and the following year he completed Guernica, which depicts the bombing of the Spanish city of the same name. Picasso’s association with the Communist Party began in 1944, and in the latter half of the decade he lived in the southern France. Among the large number of Picasso exhibitions that were held during the artist’s lifetime, those at Museum of Modern Art in New York in 1939 and at the Musée des Arts Décoratifs in Paris in 1955 were the most significant. In 1961, the artist married Jacqueline Roque, and they moved to the town of Mougins. He continued to work in painting, drawing, prints, ceramics, and until his death.

ARTWORK

Deux Nus Assis by Picasso
Deux Nus Assis by Picasso
Deux Nus Assis by Picasso
1930
Garçon et Dormeuse à la Chandelle by Picasso
Garçon et Dormeuse à la Chandelle by Picasso
Garçon et Dormeuse à la Chandelle by Picasso
1934
Le Repos du Sculpteur by Picasso
Le Repos du Sculpteur by Picasso
Le Repos du Sculpteur by Picasso
1933
Peintre et Modèle Tricotant by Picasso
Peintre et Modèle Tricotant by Picasso
Peintre et Modèle Tricotant by Picasso
1927
Tête de Femme 7 Portrait de Dora Maar By Picasso
Tête de Femme 7 Portrait de Dora Maar By Picasso
Tête de Femme 7 Portrait de Dora Maar By Picasso
1939
Buste de Femme au Fichou by Picasso
Buste de Femme au Fichou by Picasso
Buste de Femme au Fichou by Picasso
1939
Tête de Femme (black and white) by Picasso
Tête de Femme (black and white) by Picasso
Tête de Femme (black and white) by Picasso
1939
Femme au Fauteuil: Dora Maar
Femme au Fauteuil: Dora Maarby Picasso
Femme au Fauteuil: Dora Maarby Picasso
1939
Homme Façonnant un Arc Devant une Jeune Femme et un Flutiste by Picasso
Homme Façonnant un Arc Devant une Jeune Femme et un Flutiste by Picasso
Homme Façonnant un Arc Devant une Jeune Femme et un Flutiste by Picasso
1938
La Grande Corrida, aved Femme Torero by Picasso
La Grande Corrida, avec Femme Torero by Picasso
La Grande Corrida, avec Femme Torero by Picasso
1934
Femme Torero by Picasso
Femme Torero by Picasso
Femme Torero by Picasso
1934
La Guêpe by Picasso
La Guêpe by Picasso
La Guêpe by Picasso
1936
L'Aveille by Picasso
L’Aveille by Picasso
L’Aveille by Picasso
1936
L'Autruche by Picasso
L’Autruche by Picasso
L’Autruche by Picasso
1936
La Lionne by Picasso
La Lionne by Picasso
La Lionne by Picasso
1936
La Biche by Picasso
La Biche by Picasso
La Biche by Picasso
1936
Le Cheval by Picasso
Le Cheval by Picasso
Le Cheval by Picasso
1936
Femme qui Pleure devant un Mur by Picasso
Femme qui Pleure devant un Mur by Picasso
Femme qui Pleure devant un Mur by Picasso
1937
Portrait de Dora Maar au Chignon II by Picasso
Portrait de Dora Maar au Chignon II by Picasso
Portrait de Dora Maar au Chignon II by Picasso
1936
Portrait de Dora Maar au Chignon by Picasso
Portrait de Dora Maar au Chignon by Picasso
Portrait de Dora Maar au Chignon by Picasso
1936
En la Taberna by Picasso
En la Taberna by Picasso
En la Taberna by Picasso
1934
Portrait de Marie-Thérèse de Face by Picasso
Portrait de Marie-Thérèse de Face by Picasso
Portrait de Marie-Thérèse de Face by Picasso
1934
Tête de Marie-Thérèse by Picasso
Tête de Marie-Thérèse by Picasso
Tête de Marie-Thérèse by Picasso
1933
Femme Au Mouchoir by pablo Picasso
Femme au Mouchoir By Picasso
Femme au Mouchoir By Picasso
1937
La Puce [Marie-Thérèse] by Picasso
La Puce by Picasso
La Puce by Picasso
1936
Tête de Femme by Picasso
Tête de Femme by Picasso
Tête de Femme by Picasso
1933
Minotaure, Buveur, et Femmes by Picasso
Minotaure, Buveur, et Femmes by Picasso
Minotaure, Buveur, et Femmes by Picasso
1933
Vertumne Poursuit Pomone de son Amour by Picasso
Vertumne Poursuit Pomone de son Amour by Picasso
Vertumne Poursuit Pomone de son Amour by Picasso
1930
Trois Têtes d’Hommes by Picasso
Trois Têtes d’Hommes by Picasso
Trois Têtes d’Hommes by Picasso
1931
Accouplement, I by Picasso
Accouplement, I by Picasso
Accouplement, I by Picasso
1933
Couple Faisant l’Amour by Picasso
Couple Faisant l’Amour by Picasso
Couple Faisant l’Amour by Picasso
1933